BS Soil Science & Environmental Sciences

Soil science is concerned with the creation, categorization, and mapping of soils, as well as their physical, chemical, and biological features and behaviours. Soils are important not just for food production, but also for waste management, plant and animal dispersal, and the distribution and storage of water and minerals.

Soil science combines biology, chemistry, physics, geology, geography, climatology, hydrology, and mathematics into one study.

Scientists that study soil
Concentrate on gaining a better knowledge of, managing, and enhancing soil and water resources.
Investigate the physical and chemical properties of the upper earth crust, as well as its distribution, genesis, and morphology, as well as biological components, in order to identify the origin, distribution, composition, and categorization of soil.
Collect, consult, research, assess, interpret, plan, and examine soil science data.
Develop soil conservation and management strategies.
Advise and advise strategies for farmers and other landowners to make the most use of their property, stimulate plant development, and avoid or rectify issues like erosion.
Experiment with new or better field crop varieties, with an emphasis on adaptability to specific soils or climates.
Determine the origins and effects of soil issues and poor water quality.

Core Courses

  • Environmental Pollution and Management
  • Soil Water Plant Relationship
  • Soil Microbiology
  • Soil and Water Conservation
  • Soil Genesis and Taxonomy
  • Soil Survey and Land Evaluation
  • Analytical Techniques in Soil Science
  • Soil Fertility and Fertilizers
  • Chemical Properties of Soil
  • Salt-Affected Soils and Water Quality

Eligibility Criteria

Minimum Qualification

Intermediate Science (Pre-Medical/Pre-Engineering) securing 50% marks i.e. 550/1100 or Intermediate (Pre-Agriculture) with CGPA 2.20

Matching Streams of Entry Test

  1. English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology
  2. English, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics


  • Agriculture industry
  • Consulting firms
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • Agricultural product manufactures
  • Cooperative extension
  • Soil conservation service
  • U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization
  • Farm management agencies
  • Independent laboratories
  • Forestdepartment
  • Mining industry
  • Universities and colleges
  • Environment protection agencies

Universities Offering BS Soil Science & Environmental Sciences in Pakistan

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