After Karachi and Hyderabad, Sukkur is the third-largest city of Sindh on the western bank of the Indus River. Famed as the “Gate of Sindh,” the land of Sukkur is rich in culture and traditions. The word Sukkur is taken in the meaning of “superiority “in Sindhi. Sukkur is thought to be dry and deserted, however, remains of the British era and the Indus river still exist.
The literacy rate of Sukkur is 60 percent which is relatively healthy; that depicts that the education sector in Sukkur has progressed a lot in recent years. The credits go to numerous public and private educational institutes striving hard to access quality education to all in Sukkur.
Universities in Sukkur
- Along with a multitude of schools and colleges, notable universities in Sukkur are aimed at the mandate of higher education.
- Begum Nusrat Bhutto Women University is one of the distinguished universities in the province. Engineering and technology, health science, natural science, agriculture, art and humanity, and social sciences are the prominent areas of study where it offers degrees of BS, MS, and Ph.D. and conducts research. The institution boasts a vital research and development program and a distinct research center that facilitates the students to cope with recent advancements in research.
- Aror University of Art, Architecture, Design, and Heritages offers graduate, postgraduate, and advanced studies in architecture, textile design, photography, interior design, communication design, ceramics, and other disciplines. The government of Sindh upgraded it to the level of University in 2020.
- Sukkur IBA University is a public sector university established by the government of Sindh. Along with numerous degree programs, faculty and students at Sukkur IBA University receive ongoing training. The campus has hosted several trainings, workshops, and seminars. In addition, Sukkur IBA University has been awarded many commercially financed R&D projects in social science and information technology, which will provide students with research experience.
Some Facts to Know about Sukkur
- Climate: The altitude of Sukkur is 65 meters above sea level. The weather in Sukkur is desert-like. Sukkur receives almost no rain throughout the year. In Sukkur, the average annual temperature is 27.3 degrees Celsius.
- Economy: The people of Sukkur primarily rely on agricultural products from farms of northern Sindh. It serves as a trading and processing hub of farming items.
- Population: Sukkur is a land of almost five million inhabitants, dominated by the ruler area of nearly 70 percent.
- History: During the British era, New Sukkur was built alongside the settlement of Sukkur. The British regime’s impact can be noticed clearly in Sukkur as the city flourished in their reign.
- The Sukkur Barrage is a remarkable work of engineering. Its construction was completed in 1932, and it irrigates millions of acres in the region. On some lucky day, the visitors might even have a glimpse of rare blind Indus Dolphins. It has dramatically increased the river’s impact on Sindhis’ livelihood as it remarked the beginning of prosperity in Sindh, spurring plenty of Punjabi, Balochi, and Pathan migrants to settle in Sindh.
- In addition, the Sukkur Barrage, along with the Railway network, make it the center of trade and commerce in Sindh.
- Language and Lifestyle: In Sukkur, there is a mixture of different ethnicities with similar language and lifestyle. For instance, the clan of Pathans is called Sindhi Pathans.
- Lab-e-Mehran: is a park alongside the river Indus that families visit daily. Families used to gather over here and enjoy a variety of food and boat rides. Moreover, it serves as the gateway for the people of the Sukkur.
- Masoom Shah Jo Minaro: Masoom Shah laid the foundation of this 84 feet high tower but could not complete it in his lifetime. Later on, his son ensured the completion of the construction of this majestic tower. It is an eye-catching piece of art for history lovers.
- Sadhu Belo: The temple was built in the 18th century on an island off the coast of the Indus River. In 1823, a Sadhu named Baba Ban Khundi arrived on the island to promote Hinduism. The island was given to him by Mir Sohrab Khan, the area’s ruler, when the Sadhu won his heart with his knowledge. There are lovely balconies on each side of the alley that make you feel like you are in Rajasthan. The beautiful handicrafts on the walls and ceiling are a sight to behold.
- Additionally, there is a library on the premises. There are numerous rooms dispersed all across the courtyard. It is used to house pilgrims who flock in their thousands during the festival seasons to the shrine’s well-stocked library, which pays homage back to ancient times. It primarily contains books in multiple languages on the Hindu religion.
- Neem, Acacia, Peepal, and other native trees dominate this Indus River island. On the island, there are several little holy places to Hanuman, Ganesh, and other gods.
- The Lansdowne Bridge, named after Lord Lansdowne, Viceroy of India, was built in 1889. The shrine of Zinda Pir can be seen below. People narrated tales of the bridge’s survival during the 1965 conflict when it was a prime target for Indian bombers. Zindapir, they claim, stood on top of the bridge and fired bombs into the river.
Satyun-jo-Astana: The Abode of Seven: Only women are allowed to enter the monument. It is a famous shrine among females who believe that visiting the shrine can help them overcome their problems. There is a graveyard on the foot of the mound, which overlooks the Indus River. The graves are built of Yellowstone and have artistic carvings on them. Sukkur brings enormous joy to its tourists.